Considering the facts emerged from the survey above,
several serious weaknesses which hinder the improvement of
ICT skills of undergraduate studying in the university
have been identified. They are:
- Inadequate opportunities to get ICT skills improved
- Inadequate resources
- Low level of usage of ICT tools in undergraduate teaching
- Inadequate ICT competency of the staff
In addition to the weaknesses mentioned above the improvement
of ICT skills of undergraduates of the university are affected by:
- the under utilization of resources due to the scattered nature of their distribution.
- the inaccessibility of ICT resources after working hours at many places.
- the inadequacy of funding for the expansion and improvement of ICT resources
These weaknesses have serious implications on the quality of undergraduate education.
Inadequate ICT skills would severely restrict undergraduates' ability to search for,
gain access, organize and process information. They also have implications on the
quality of graduates leaving the university.
The root cause analysis of the weaknesses mentioned above reveals that
inadequate resources and lack of opportunities are mainly responsible
for these weaknesses. The student to computer ratio in average is approximately 30:1.
Thus the average number of computing hours available for each student per week is about
6 hours. This is accurate if all computers are accessible 24-hours a day.
If we assume 12-hour accessibility period then average computer time available per
student is about 3 hrs per week too low for any productive work at undergraduate level.
This indicates that access to computing resources is severely restricted in the university.
As such improving the accessibility to computing resources stands out as one of the
The improvement of computing resources alone is not adequate to produce the expected improvement
of ICT skills of undergraduates and university staff.
Appropriate training programs are also essential to enhance the ICT skills
The sustainability of solutions proposed to
address weaknesses mentioned above is paramount
to the success of the attempt to improve ICT skills.
Maintaining computing resources and training programs
up to date is essential for this purpose. As such funding
would be the most critical factor for the sustainability.
However in the absence of regular funding from the state, self-generation
could become an important proposition to support sustainability.
Since there is a great demand for ICT education from the society,
self-generation has a great potential to be the key fund raiser.